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TestLink version 1.8
Version: 1.14 Status:
(c) 2004 -2009 TestLink Community
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation
License, Version 1.2 published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and
no Back-Cover Texts. The license is available in "GNU Free Documentation License" homepage.
Table of Contents
TestLink on web-pohjainen Test Management-järjestelmän. Tämä käsikirja pitäisi lähde käyttäjille ymmärtää prosesseja, ja työn kanssa TestLink. Katso asennusohjeesta lisätietoja järjestelmän vaatimuksia, asennusvaiheisiin ja konfigurointi Uusin ohjeistus on saatavilla www.teamst.org tai testlink.sourceforge.net. Ole hyvä ja käytä meidän foorumi, jos sinulla on kysyttävää, että käsikirja ei vastata. TestLink koodi on usein nopeammin kuin asiakirjat ja joitakin panos jääneiden asianmukainen kuvaus Jotkut lisälaite ei ole kuvattu tästä syystä täällä. Kiitos ilmoittaa meille kautta tracker.
1.1 Yleinen rakenne on kolme kulmakiveä:
Test Project, Test Plan ja User. Kaikki muut tiedot ovat suhteet tai määritteitä perustapauksen. Ensinnäkin meidän on määriteltävä ehdot, joita käytetään koko dokumentointi ja testaus maailma.
Kuva 1: Test-projekti on perusasetuksen osa TestLink
1.2 Basic Terminology
Test asia kuvataan testaus tehtävä kautta toimia (toimet, scenario) ja odotetut tulokset. Test Cases ovat olennainen osa TestLink. Test Suite (Test Asia Suite) järjestää Test Cases yksiköihin. Se rakenteiden testauseritelmä loogisiksi osat Testausohjelmisto korvaa komponentteja ja luokkia TL 1,6 ja aikaisemmin. Test Plan on luotu, kun haluat suorittaa Test Cases. Test Suunnitelmat voidaan koostuu Test Cases peräisin nykyisen Test Project. Test suunnitelma sisältää Rakentaa, Milestones, käyttäjän luovutus ja testitulokset Test Project on jotain, joka on olemassa ikuisesti TestLink. Test Project tehdään monia eri versioita koko elinkaaren ajan. Test Project sisältää testauseritelmä Test asiat, vaatimukset ja avainsanoja. Käyttäjien kanssa hankkeessa on määritelty roolit Test Project oli nimeltään Tuote TL 1,6 ja aikaisemmin. Käyttäjä: kunkin TestLink käyttäjällä on rooli, joka määrittelee käytettävissä TestLink ominaisuuksia. Katso lisää luvusta User Administration. Kuva 2 osoittaa yhteisten toimien mukaan käyttäjän rooleja.
1.3 Esimerkki TestLink yksinkertaisesta työstä virtauksen
1 Järjestelmänvalvoja luo Test Project Fast Food ja kaksi käyttäjien, Adam oikeudet Leader ja Bela oikeudet Ylitarkastaja Tester.
2. Leader Adam tuonnin Software Vaatimukset ja osa näistä vaatimuksista luo tyhjä Test Cases. Hän uudelleenorganisoida ne kahteen Test Suites: Fish and chips .
3. Tester Bela kuvataan testi skenaario (luoda sisältöä tyhjä Test Cases) käyttäen näitä testauseritelmä että on järjestetty Test Suites.
4. Adam luo Hakusanalla regression testaus ja antaa tämän avainsanan kymmenen näistä Test Cases.
5 Adam luo Test Plan Kalat ohitettu, 1 epäonnistunut ja 4 on estetty. 7. Kehittäjät tehdä uuden Rakenna Fish 0.2 ja Bela testeissä epäonnistunut ja estänyt Test Cases vain. Tällä kertaa nämä kaikki estetty ja epäonnistuneet Test Cases ohi. Ne uusintakoe myös kaikki Test Cases avainsanoihin regression testaus lisäksi. 8 Johtaja tämän tiimi toivoo, että tuloksia. Administrator selittää hänelle, että hän voi luoda tilin itse linkkiä. Johtaja tekee sen. Hän on oletusarvoisesti Asiakkaiden oikeudet ja näkevät testitulokset ja Test Cases. Hän näkee, että kaikki hyväksytyt yleisen kertomuksen ;-) ja ongelmia Rakenna Fish 0.1 antamassaan kertomuksessa, että erityisesti Build.1 9. Myöhemmin, kehittäjät lopulta lisätä myös Chips toiminnallisuutta. Adam luo Test Plan Kalat Hän luo uusi Rakenna Fish 1.1 ja linkit kaikkien Chips Test Cases tähän Test Plan liikaa.
10. Now testing starts as usual.
11. Later, Admin creates a new Test Project for another product "Hot Dog". But this is
another test team and a different story.
1 He, however, can edit nothing. ;-)
Illustration 2: Functionality overview
TestLink has short-cuts to speed up a navigation. Use ALT (+ shift) + key.2
List global available short-cuts:
• [h] Home
• [s] Test Specification
• [e] Test execution
• [r] Reports
• [i] Personal
• [q] Logout/quit
• [u] Administration (admin only) Create Test Case short-cut [t] is
available in View Test Suite page.
Browser support: The used accesskey attribute is currently supported by the following
2 IE only selects the link. Enter key must follow.
• Internet Explorer 4+ (Windows) 5+ (Mac)
• Mozilla (Windows + Linux)
• Netscape 6.1+ (Windows)
• Opera 7+ (Windows + Linux)
The next short-cuts are supported in edit text mode:
2 Test Projects
Test Projects are the basic organisational unit of TestLink. Test Projects could be products or
solutions of your company that may change their features and functionality over time but for
the most part remains the same. Test Project includes requirements documentation, Test
Specification, Test Plans and specific user rights.
Test Projects are independent and do not share data. Consider using just one Test Project for
one Test team and/or one product.
For example: there are two test teams for one product: system testing and integration
testing. These teams will share some test cases. You should create one project for the
product. The work of both teams will be structured in two or more trees in Test
Specification and testing results will be collected to different Test Plans.
2.1 Creating new Test Projects
Creating a new Test Project requires "admin" rights. Each Test Project must have an unique
name. There is text area to characterize the object of project. There are several features that
are enabled/disabled on Test Project level:
1 Admin can enable requirements related functionality.
2 Background colours can be assigned to Test Project templates to visually
Note: The feature must be enabled in config at first.
1 Test prioritization could be enabled to select appropriate testing set in limited
2 Test automation support could be enabled as well.
Things to note when creating a new Test Project:
• Deleting Test Projects from the system is not recommended as this either
orphans a large number of Test Cases or deletes the Test Cases from the system.
• Test Plans represent the testing of a Test Project at a certain point in time.
Consequently, Test Plans are created from Test Project Test Cases. We do not
recommend to create separate Test Projects for versions of one Product.
• TestLink supports importing XML or CSV data into a Test Project. This is
explained further in the Import section, below.
2.2 Edit and delete Test Projects
Editing Test Projects requires "admin" rights. User can change Test Project name, colour of
background and availability of requirements functionality, test prioritization and test
User can inactivate the Test Project if it's obsolete. This will mean that the Test Project is not
visible in the list within the top navigation bar for common users.
Admin will see this Test Project in the list marked by '*'.
User can also delete a Test Project. This action will also delete all related data from database.
This action is not reversible. We strongly recommend using inactivate instead of delete.
3 Test Specification
TestLink breaks down the Test Specification structure into Test Suites and Test Cases. These
levels are persisted throughout the application. One Test Project has just one Test
Future consideration: we plan to implement the next abilities: Test patterns, review
process and status of Test case, variable Test case structure (for example step by step
3.1 Test Suites
Users organize Test Cases into Test (Case) Suites. Each Test Suite consists of a title, formatted
description Test Cases and possibly other Test Suites. TestLink uses tree structure for Test
Suites. The common practise is that the description holds information valid for most of included
For example, the following could be specified: scope of included tests, default configuration,
preconditions, links to related documentation, list of tools, infrastructure overview, etc.
Illustration 3: Test Specification is structured by Test Suites
Creating one or more Test Suites is one of the first steps when creating your Test Project.
Users (with edit right) can create, delete, copy, move, export and import both nested Test
Suites and Test Cases. Title and description can be modified too.
You can reorder both Test cases and child Test Suites via Drag & Drop items on the navigation
Practice: Consider structure of your test specification. You could divide tests by
functional/non functional testing, particular features, components. You can change the
structure later of course - move test suites without lost of any information.
Practice: Later versions of your product could have some features obsolete. You can
create a special Test suite 'Obsolete' or 'Your product 0.1' and move test cases there.
Deleting of test case causes that earlier test results will be deleted too.
Attachments with external documents or pictures could be added into particular Test Suites.
Note: The functionality must be allowed via TestLink configuration.
3 It requires EXT-JS component (default).
More information about import and export are in appendix.
FAQ: Could I copy/move Test suites between projects? You cannot directly in this version.
We designed Test projects fully independent each from other. Use import/export as
3.2 Test Cases
Test Case is a set of inputs, execution preconditions, and expected results (outcomes)
developed for a particular objective, such as to exercise a particular program path or to verify
compliance with a specific requirement.
Test Cases have the following parts:
• Identifier of a Test Case is assigned automatically by TestLink, and can not be changed by
users. This ID composes from Test Project prefix and a counter related to the Test Project in which
the Test Case is created.4
• Title: could include either short description or abbreviation (e.g. TL-USER-LOGIN)
• Summary: should be really short; just for overview, introduction and references.
• Steps: describe test scenario (input actions); can also include precondition and
cleanup information here.
FAQ: Our test steps are pretty detailed are use a lot of formatting coming from Word.
Use "Paste from msword" feature of FCKeditor. It cleans garbage. (Configure toolbar
if not available.)
• Expected results: describe checkpoints and expected behaviour of a tested
product or system.
• Attachments: could be added if configuration allows it.
• Importance: Test designer could set importance of the test [HIGH, MEDIUM and LOW]. The
value is used to compute priority in Test Plan.5
• Execution type: Test designer could set automation support of the test
• Custom fields: Administrator could define own parameters to enhance Test Case description
or categorization. See 8.4 for more.
Large custom fields (more than 250 characters) are not possible. But information could be added
into parent Test Suite and referred via custom fields. For example you can describe Configuration
'standard', 'performance', 'standard_2' and refer via CF to this labels.
Note: The development is planned to make a TC structure more flexible in future.
Test Case -Active Attribute
If several versions of a Test Case exist, it would be useful to have a new attribute,
Active/Inactive, to use in this way:
• Every Test Case version is created ACTIVE
• An Inactive Test Case Version will not be available in "Add Test Cases to Test Plan".
This can be useful for Test Designers. They can edit or change the Test Case Version and
only when he/she decides it is completed, change Status to ACTIVE so it will be available to
be used in a Test Plan.
• Once a Test Case Version has been linked to a Test Plan, and has results, it can't be
4 TestLink 1.7 and earlier versions have had this ID as a global counter independent of
the Test Project. TestLink 1.8 still uses this unique ID for API calls.
5 The feature must be enabled on Test project management.
You can use web browser ability. Firefox has add-on for example "British English Dictionary" or
amount dictionaries for other languages.
FCKeditor supports own solution. See their Developers Guide for more.
Illustration 4: What you see in Test Case specification
Illustration 5: What you see when trying to add Test Cases to a Test Plan
As you can note, the number near Test Project name (in this example: toaster_xl5) is 2, but
the Test Project has 3 Test Cases. Test Case TC1 is not counted, because is inactive.
Removing Test Cases
Test Cases and Test Suites may be removed from a Test Plan by users with "lead" permissions.
This operation may be useful when first creating a Test Plan since there are no results.
However, removing Test Cases will cause the loss of all results associated with them.
Therefore, extreme caution is recommended when using this functionality.
Test Cases could be related to software/system requirements as n to n. The functionality must
be enabled for a Test Project. User can assign Test Cases and Requirements via the Assign
Requirements link in the main screen.
Test Plan relation
Test Cases can be assigned to particular Test Plans for execution. Test Leader use "Add
Remove Test Cases" link in main page to select appropriate Test set. The list of related Test
Plans are listed on the View Test Case page under title "Test Plan usage". See the screenshot
Illustration 6: List of related Test Plans is listed on the "View Test Case" page
Keywords were created to give users another level of depth when categorizing Test Cases.
Keywords serve as a means of grouping Test Cases with some attribute within a Test
Specification. For example, you can use it to define:
• Regression or Sanity set
• Reviewed Test Cases
• Set of Test Cases valid for one platform
At this time keywords can only be created by users with the mgt_modify_key rights. These
rights are currently held only by Leaders. Once a keyword or grouping of keywords has been
created users may assign them to Test Cases.
Keywords may be assigned to Test Cases either from the assign keyword screen (in batch) or
via the Test Case management (individually).
Filter by Keyword
Users have the ability to filter by Keywords to:
• Search Test Cases in Test Specification.
• Add groups of Test Cases in a Test Case Suite (Test Plan).
• Execute test screen.
3.4 Generate Test Specification document
Users can print out the current Test Specification as a document. Use a link from the main
page. There is structural options and possibility to select a required Test Suite or get all
Illustration 7: Options for generated Test
User can choose document format (HTML, OpenOffice text document or msword document),
TOC, Test suite data, Test Case summary, steps + expected results, and list of related
keywords and/or requirements.
4 Requirement based testing
To prove that a system is built as specified, testers use requirement based testing. For every
requirement, they design one or more Test Cases. At the end of the test execution a test
manager reports on the tests that are executed and the requirements that are covered. Based
on this information the client and the various stakeholders decide whether a system can be
transferred to the next test phase or can go live. Test managers use a combination of risk and
requirement-based testing to ensure that a system is built as specified from the customer and
stakeholders perspective. As a result, this complete testing delivers the following advantages:
• Linking risks and requirements will reveal vague or missing requirements. This is
especially interesting for risks with a high priority.
• Testing can be focused on the most important parts of an information system first:
covering the risks with the highest priority.
• Communicating in the same language as the client and the stakeholders. This
makes it easier to report on the status of the Test Project. Then a better founded decision
can be made whether to invest more in testing or take the risk.
• The risks and their priority make negotiating on the Test Project in times of pressure
easier. What risks have to be covered within this Test Project and which ones can be
postponed. Risk and requirement-based testing results in a better controlled Test Project.
The communication with the client and the stakeholders is improved. The test manager
begins testing with risks with the highest priority. The process is streamlined and the end
result is higher quality.
The functionality is available at the Test Project level. I.e. Administrator should enable it for a
specified Test Project (Edit Test Project link in Main window). Otherwise links are not shown.
There are two user levels for this feature. Most roles can view requirements, but not modify
them. Refer to User section for more details.
4.2 Requirements Specification Document
Requirements are grouped to one or more System/Software/User Requirement Specifications.
Illustration 8: Dependencies between requirement related objects
Illustration 9: Manage a Requirements Specification
Create a document with Requirements:
1 Click Requirements Specification in Main window. The list of Requirement
Specifications is shown.
2 Press Create button to create a document.
3 Adjust Title, Scope and eventually Count of Test Cases. The last parameter is
used for statistics. Use only if you have a valid Requirement document but not all
requirements are available at the moment in TestLink. Default value '0' means that the
current count of requirements in a specification is used.
4 Press Create button to add data to database. You can see the title of your new
created document in the table of list of Requirement Specifications.
5 Click the title of document for next work. The Requirement Specification window is
Each Requirement Specification has own statistics and report related to included data.
All Specifications can be printed using the "Print" button in the "Requirement Specification"
window. Administrator can define company, copyright and confident text via configuration files.
Warning: TestLink 1.8 brings support of n-depth tree structure for requirements (should
be enabled by configuration). However some related features (for example import/export,
document generation) aren't compliant with this settings yet. These features behaves like
only direct child requirements exists and all inner sub folders are ignored.
Each requirement has Title, Scope (html format) and Status. Title must be unique and has
max. 100 characters. Scope parameter is text in HTML format. Status can have the values
VALID or NOT_TESTABLE. A NOT_TESTABLE requirement is not counted in metrics.
Requirements could be created/modified or deleted manually via TestLink interface or imported
as CSV file.
TestLink supports two types of CSV. The first 'simple' is composed from title and scope in each
row. The second 'Export from Doors' tries to detect the header and choose the correct fields.
Import compares titles and tries to resolve conflicts. There are three ways to do this: update,
create requirements with same title and skip adding the conflicted ones.
Requirements to Test Case relation
Test Cases are related with software/system requirements as * to *. I.e. you can assign one or
more Test Cases to one Requirement and one or more requirements could be covered by one
Test Case. User can assign Requirements to Test Cases via the Assign Requirements link in the
The coverage of the Test Specification could be viewed via pressing the Analyse button in the
Requirement Specification window.
Requirement based Report
Navigate to Reports and Metrics menu. There is a Requirements based Report link.
Requirements in the current Requirement Specification and Test Plan are analysed for this
report. The latest results of Test Cases (available in Test Plan) are processed for each
requirement. The result with the highest priority is applied for the requirement. Priorities, from
the highest to lowest, are: Failed, Blocked, Not Run and Passed.
Example of requirement coverage
A requirement is covered by three Test Cases. Two of them are included in the current
Test Suite. One passed and one was not tested for the Build 1. Now Requirement has
overall result of Not Run. Second Test Case was tested with Build 2 and passed. So
Requirement passed too.
5 Test Plans
A record of the test planning process detailing the degree of tester involvement, the test
environment, the Test Case design techniques and test measurement techniques to be
used, and the rationale for their choice.
Test Plans are the basis for Test Case execution. Test Plan contains name, description,
collection of chosen Test Cases, Builds, Test Results, milestones, tester assignment and priority
definition. Each Test Plan is related to Test Project.
5.1 Create and delete Test Plan
Test Plans may be created from the "Test Plan management" page by users with lead privileges
for the current Test Project. Press "Create" button and enter data.
Test Plan definition consists from title, description (html format) and status "Active" check-
box. Description should include the next information with respect to company processes:
• Features to be tested
• Features to not be tested
• Test criteria (to pass tested product)
• Test environment, Infrastructure
• Test tools
• References (Product plan or Change request, Quality document(s), etc.)
Test Plans are made up of Test Cases imported from a Test Specification at a specific point of
time. Test Plans may be created from other Test Plans. This allows users to create Test Plans
from Test Cases that exist at a desired point in time. This may be necessary when creating a
Test Plan for a patch. In order for a user to see a Test Plan they must have the proper rights.
Rights may be assigned (by leads) in the define User/Project Rights section. This is an
important thing to remember when users tell you they can't see the project they are working
Test Plans may be deleted by users with lead privileges. Deleting Test Plans permanently
deletes both the Test Plan and all of its corresponding data, including Test Cases (not in Test
Specification), results, etc. This should be reserved only for special cases. Alternatively, Test
Plans may be deactivated on the same page, which suppresses display on selection menus in
the "main" and "Execute" pages.
An user with lead privileges could follow the link "Build management" in the main page.
Builds are a specific release of software. Each project in a company is most likely made up of
many different Builds. In TestLink, execution is made up of both Builds and Test Cases. If there
are no Builds created for a project the execution screen will not allow you to execute. The
metrics screen will also be completely blank.
Illustration 10: Build management
Each Build is identified via title. It includes description (html format) and two states:
• Active / Inactive - defines whether the Build is available for TestLink functionality.
Inactive Build is not listed in either execution or reports pages.
• Opened / Closed - defines if Test Results can be modified for the Build.
Builds can be edited (via link under a Build title) and deleted (by click on the appropriate "bin"
icon) in the table of existing Builds.
5.3 Test Set -adding Test Cases to Test Plan
Testing set (of Test Cases) from Test Specification can be added into a Test Plan. Use a link
"Add / Remove Test Cases" on the Home page. Test Specification data can be filtered by
keywords (adjusted in the navigation pane). Once data has been linked into a Test Plan it will
be marked with check-mark.
Illustration 11: Test Case navigation: Select an
appropriate Test Suite
User can choose Test cases via check-box and hit "Add selected" button to define Test Set.
Click on the 'check' icon to select all Test Cases in each Test Suite. All Test cases could be
added by click on label under Test suite title.
The certain version of Test Case is assigned to a Test Plan. User could update version for later
testing if the Test Case is updated. The content of executed Test case version could not be
Note: There is basic rule: One Test Plan has just one set of Test cases. So you can add
during testing more new Test cases. And this affect metrics of older builds. In the most of
case this is not important difference. You can two possibilities if you care about:
-Create a new Test Plan for the second round.
-Use Keywords to recognize phases of testing in one Test Plan.
Illustration 12: Frame for Adding Test Cases into Test Plan
5.4 Removing Test Cases from Test Plan
Test Cases and Test Suites can be removed from a Test Plan by users with lead permissions
from the "Add / Remove Test Cases" page. Removing data may be useful when first creating a
Test Plan since there are no results. However, removing Test Cases will cause the loss of all
results associated with them. Therefore, extreme caution is recommended when using this
Illustration 13: Frame for modifying content of test cases within Test Plan
5.5 Test execution assignment
You can assign Test Case for execution to different users. Test execution assignment affects
both the execution and reports. In the execution screen users have the ability to sort the
executable Test Cases to see the ones they have been assigned. In the reports there is a table
that shows the remaining Test Cases by tester. If there are no Test Case tester assigned it
defaults to none. A Tester can also see the metrics of his/her own executed tests in main page if these
metrics are enabled (see Installation manual).
Navigate from the home page:
Using tree menu on left frame, you can choose a whole test suite, that will be displayed on
detail on right frame.
In this example, clicking on Transportation will produce:
To assign a test case to an user, following steps must be followed:
1. select test case, using check box on the left of test case ID.
2. choose user, using combo box place on column with label 'Assign to'.
3. Use 'Save' button to write selection on database
To simplify this task when you need to assign a whole test suite to an user, bulk user
assignment feature has been developed. User can notify assigned testers - select check-box
"Send mail notification to tester".
Bulk user assignment
Bulk user assignment is not really different, that normal assignment. Using clickable images
you can toggle state of multiple check boxes with one click. In the image displayed above, you
can see following help, when you put cursor over image present on the left of test suite name.
Clicking on this image will result on all test cases present on "Transportation" test suite and it's
children test suites, be selected as displayed on following image:
Next step is to choose user, this will be done using bulk assignment section under test suite
name. Then using 'Do' button, combo boxes of all checked check boxes will be setted to
Last step, to save this work is click on 'Save' button
After screen refresh, you will see:
Bulk assignment, can be also done just on test cases belonging to a test suite without
affecting children test suites. As an example if you want to change assignment, only on test
cases children of "HyperSpace" test suite , instead of using image on the left of test suite
5.6 Prioritize testing
Assigning priority are optional feature. Generally, some features are new or heavy development
was done. It should receive more attention. On the other side some features was nearly
untouched in development phase and only test with the highest importance make sense to
Configuration: This feature must be allowed on Test Project level by administrator ("Test
project management" link on main page).
TestLink gives users the ability to assign Importance to Test Cases at the design time. There
are three levels: Low, Medium (default) and High.
Urgency is another parameter that affects resulted Test Priority. Urgency is defined for a
certain Test Plan. Follow the link "Set Urgency" at the right side of main page. There are also
three levels: Low, Medium (default) and High.
Urgency is not copied if you copy a Test Plan. A different set of urgency is expected.
TestLink combines both these attributes into Priority levels High, Medium and Low. Priority
should help to choose right set of execution to test at first. Test report "Test Plan metrics"
includes prioritized results then. Milestones allows to define goals for these three levels as well.
Test leader can define a milestone for certain date with a goal of expected percentage of
finished tests. This goal could be defined for three levels of priority in the case that test
prioritization is allowed.
See "Test Plan metrics" report to check a satisfaction of these goals.
Illustration 14: Test leader can define one or more milestones for a Test Plan
6 Test Execution
Test execution is available after:
1. A Test Specification is written.
2. A Test Plan is created.
3. Test Cases are added into Test Plan.
4. At least one Build is created.
5. Testers have appropriate rights for execution to work with the this Test Plan.
Select the "Execute" link in top menu or "Execute Tests" link in the Main page to navigate to
the "Test Execution" window. The left pane allows navigation in Test Cases via a tree menu,
and set-up settings and filters. The execution window shows relevant information and allow to
add test results.
6.2 Navigation and settings
The navigation pane consists of a 'Filter & Settings' box and a tree menu with Test Case Suite.
Define a tested Build
Users should specify one from all active Builds to add results. The latest build is set by default.
Build label specified exact package of product under test for tracking purpose. Each Test Case
may be run more times per a Build. However it's common practise that just one testing round
is executed against a Build for a test case.
Builds can be created by Test Leader using the Create New Build page.
Search a Test Case
Users can specify exact the Test Case identifier to faster navigation.
Filtering Test Cases
This table allows the user to filter Test Cases for smart navigation before they are executed.
You must hit the "Apply filter" button to propagate a new filter settings.
• Tester: Users can filter Test Cases by their tester. There is also check-box to see
both the chosen tester and unassigned Test Cases.
• Keyword: Users can filter Test Cases by keyword. See 3.3 Keywords.
• Result: Users can filter Test Cases by results. Results are what happened to that
Test Case during a particular Build. Test Cases can pass, fail, be blocked, or not be run.
• Test priority: Users can prioritize Test Cases.
The tree menu in navigation pane shows the chosen list of Test Cases in the Test Plan. It allows
to open appropriate Test Case(s) for test execution in the right frame. Test Suites in the menu
are enhanced by short test status overview behind a title (count of test cases, passed, failed,
blocked and not-executed counter) coloured by results.
The tree menu could be coloured for some types of used menu component only. By default the
tree will be sorted by the results for the defined Build that is chosen from the drop-down box.
Example TC coloured according to the Build:
User selects Build 2 from the drop-down box and doesn't check the "most current" check
box. All Test Cases will be shown with their status from Build 2. So, if Test Case 1 passed
in Build 2 it will be coloured green.
A second possibility is that the menu is coloured according to the latest Test Result.
Example TC coloured according to the latest result
User selects Build 2 from the drop-down box and this time checks the "most
current" check box. All Test Cases will be shown with most current status. So, if Test
Case 1 passed in Build 3, even though the user has also selected Build 2, it will be
6.3 Test execution
Execution is the process of assigning a result (pass, fail, blocked) to a Test Case for a specific
Build. A 'Blocked' Test Case is not possible to test for some reason (e.g. a problem in
configuration disallows to run a tested functionality).
Insert Test Results
Test Results screen is shown via click on an appropriate Test Suite or Test Case in navigation
pane. The title shows the current Build and owner. The coloured bar indicate status of the Test
Case. Yellow box includes test scenario of the Test Case.
Illustration 15: Frame with several results of one Test Case
Illustration 16: User can select to
print only the last result
Illustration 17: The last result could be printed only
The indication that the Test Case was updated or deleted in test Specification is not
supported after 1.5 version.
Updated Test Cases: TL 1.0.4 version has indication by flag, that is missing from 1.6
version. If users have the proper rights they can go to the "Update modified test case"
page through the link on main page. It is not necessary for users to update Test Cases if
there has been a change (newer version or deleted).
7 Test Reports and Metrics
Test Reports and Metrics are accessed by clicking the "Results" or "Test reports and Metrics"
links on the main page. Reports and Metrics are based on the selected Test Plan (from combo
box menu). The page that is displayed to the user includes:
The right pane will be populated with instructions on how to use the controls and how each
report is produced.
The left pane is used for navigating to each report and operating controls which effect how
reports behave and are displayed. The button "Print" initializes printing of the right pane (no
navigation will be printed).
All test reports (except charts) can be generated in 1 of 3 format :
1. Normal -report is displayed in a web page (html)
2. OpenOffice Writer - calls OO Writer to show a report
3. OpenOffice Calc -calls OO Calc to show a table based report
4. MS Excel -calls microsoft Excel to show a table based report
5. MS Word -calls microsoft word to show a report
6. HTML Email - send report to user's email address
There are currently 11 separate reports to choose from, their purpose and function are
explained below. Currently, there are no reports which compile results across multiple Test
7.1 General Test Plan Metrics
This page shows you only the most current status of a Test Plan by test suite, owner,
milestone, priority and keyword. In addition there are also basic metrics for all enabled builds.
The most "current status" is determined by the most recent Build Test Cases were executed on.
For instance, if a Test Case was executed over multiple Builds, only the latest result is taken
into account. "Last Test Result" is a concept used in many reports, and is determined as
1) The order in which Builds are added to a Test Plan determines which Build is most
recent. The results from the most recent Build will take precedence over older Builds. For
example, if you mark a test as "fail" in Build 1, and mark it as "pass" in Build 2, it's latest
result will be "pass".
2) If a Test Case is executed multiple times on the same Build, the most recent execution
will take precedence. For example, if Build 3 is released to your team and tester 1 marks it
as "pass" at 2PM, and tester 2 marks it as "fail" at 3PM - it will appear as "fail".
3) Test Cases listed as "not run" against a Build are not taken into account. For example, if
you mark a case as "pass" in Build 1, and don't execute it in Build 2, it's last result will be
considered as "pass".
The following tables are displayed :
Results by top level Test Suites
Lists the results of each top level suite. Total cases with status are listed: passed, failed,
blocked, not run, and percent completed. A "completed" Test Case is one that has been
marked pass, fail, or block. Results for top level suites include all children suites.
Results by Build
Lists the execution results for every Build. For each Build, the total Test Cases, total pass, %
pass, total fail, % fail, blocked, % blocked, not run, and %not run are displayed. If a Test Case
has been executed twice on the same Build, the most recent execution will be taken into
Results By Keyword
Lists all keywords that are assigned to cases in the current Test Plan, and the results
Results by owner
Lists each owner that has Test Cases assigned to them in the current Test Plan. Test cases
which are not assigned are tallied under the "unassigned" heading.
Tester Total Passed Failed Blocked Not run Completed [%]
Dominika 579 217 34 47 281 51.47 Mohammad 246 82 9 2 153
37.80 unassigned 35 19 0 1 15 57.14 Ken 289 110 1 21 157 45.67
Mallik 430 269 5 18 138 67.91 Ali 227 123 28 13 63 72.25 Mike 24
22 0 0 2 91.67 Alex 272 155 1 36 80 70.59
7.2 Query Metrics
This report consists of a query form page, and a query results page which contains the queried
Query Form Page:
User is presented with a query page with 4 controls. Each control is set to a default which
maximizes the number of Test Cases and Builds the query should be performed against.
Altering the controls allows the user to filter the results and generate specific reports for
specific owner, keyword, suite, and Build combinations.
keyword - 0->1 keywords can be selected. By default - no keyword is selected. If a keyword
is not selected, then all Test Cases will be considered regardless of keyword assignments.
Keywords are assigned in the Test Specification or Keyword Management pages. Keywords
assigned to Test Cases span all Test Plans, and span across all versions of a Test Case. If you
are interested in the results for a specific keyword you would alter this control.
owner - 0->1 owners can be selected. By default - no owner is selected. If an owner is not
selected, then all Test Cases will be considered regardless of owner assignment. Currently there
is no functionality to search for "unassigned" Test Cases. Ownership is assigned through the
"Assign Test Case execution" page, and is done on a per Test Plan basis. If you are interested
in the work done by a specific tester you would alter this control.
top level suite -0-> n top level suites can be selected. By default - all suites are selected. Only
suites that are selected will be queried for result metrics. If you are only interested in the
results for a specific suite you would alter this control.
Builds - 1->n Builds can be selected. By default - all Builds are selected. Only executions
performed on Builds you select will be taken into account when producing metrics. For example
- if you wanted to see how many Test Cases were executed on the last 3 Builds - you would
alter this control.
Keyword, owner, and top level suite selections will dictate the number of Test Cases from your
Test Plan that are used to compute per suite and per Test Plan metrics. For example, if you
select owner="Greg", Keyword="Priority 1", and all available test suites - only Priority 1 Test
Cases assigned to Greg will be considered. The "# of Test Cases" totals you will see on the
report will be influenced by these 3 controls.
Build selections will influence whether a case is considered "pass", "fail", "blocked", or "not
run". Please refer to "Last Test Result" rules as they appear above.
Press the "submit" button to proceed with the query and display the output page.
Illustration 18: Query metrics -Input parameters
Query Report Page:
The report page will display:
1. the query parameters used to create the
2. totals for the entire Test Plan
3. a per suite breakdown of totals (sum / pass / fail / blocked / not run) and all
executions performed on that suite. If a Test Case has been executed more than once on
multiple Builds - all executions will be displayed that were recorded against the selected
Builds. However, the summary for that suite will only include the "Last Test Result" for the
Illustration 19: Query metrics -results
7.3 Blocked, Failed, and Not Run Test Case Reports
These reports show all of the currently blocked, failing, or not run Test Cases. "Last Test
Result" logic (which is described above under General Test Plan Metrics) is again employed to
determine if a Test Case should be considered blocked, failed, or not run. Blocked and failed
Test Case reports will display the associated bugs if the user is using an integrated bug tracking
7.4 Test Report
View status of every Test Case on every Build. If a Test Case was executed multiple times on
the same Build - the most recent execution result will be used. It is recommend to export this
report to Excel format for easier browsing if a large data set is being used.
This report page requires your browser have a flash plug-in. "Last Test Result" logic is used for
all 4 charts that you will see. The graphs are animated to help the user visualize the metrics
from the current Test Plan.
The four charts provide are :
1. Pie chart of overall pass / fail / blocked / and not run Test Cases
2. Bar chart of Results by Keyword
3. Bar chart of Results By Owner
4. Bar chart of Results By Top Level Suite
The bars in the bar charts are coloured such that the user can identify the approximate number
of pass, fail, blocked, and not run cases.
It uses flash technology provided by
to display results in a
7.6 Total Bugs For Each Test Case
This report shows each Test Case with all of the bugs filed against it for the entire project. This
report is only available if a Bug Tracking System is connected.
7.7 Requirements based report
This report is available if requirements are allowed for the current Test Project. Report is
generated against one Requirement Specification document chosen from combo box menu.
There are two sections: metrics and results overview. The following metrics are available:
• Total number of requirements
• Requirements within TestLink
• Requirements covered by Test Cases
• Requirements not covered by Test Cases
• Requirements not covered or not tested
• Requirements not tested
Requirements are divided into four sections. Each requirement is listed together with all related
Test Cases (coloured according to Test Case result):
• Passed Requirements
• Failed Requirements
• Blocked Requirements
• Not-executed Requirements
7.8 How to add a new report
Copy one of the current reports and modify it according to your need. Don't forget that we use
templates for rendering (<testlink_root>/gui/templates/<report_name>.tpl) and logic
(<testlink_root>/lib/results/<report_name>.php). We recommend reusing existing
functions to collect data for report instead of creating new ones.
Edit <testlink_root>/lib/results/resultsNavigator.php to add a link to your new report.
There is an array, that could be easily enhanced. You must add a new URL and "name
keyword"6 of report.
You can modify CSS style for a report. We suggest creating new classes instead of modifying
6 The string must be defined in locale/en_gb/string.txt
current ones (to avoid unwanted changes in other pages).
If you contribute your new report(s) via our tracker, you can find it also in the next
versions ... otherwise you risk that it will not work for the next main release.
8.1 User account settings
Every guest can create own account on login page.
The auto-create feature can be disabled by configuration. There is also configurable
default role parameter ('guest' by default).
Every user on the system will be able to edit their own information via the Account settings
window ('Personal' link in menu bar). He can modify own Name, email address, password and
generate API key (if enabled).
TestLink allows users with administrator rights to create, edit, and delete users within the
system. However, TestLink does not allow administrators to view or edit user's passwords. If
users forget their passwords there is link on the login screen, that will mail the user their
password based upon their user name and the email address they entered.
8.2 Role Permissions
User can see the current role in top line of TestLink window. Each users has 'generic role' that
applies on all projects. Administrator can assign specific project role for a particular project.
Users can have modified role for particular Test Plan as well.
For example Jack could be guest by default (can see all test cases and reports) and Test
leader on project 'XYZ' to lead this project testing.
TestLink is built with 6 different default permission levels built in. These permission levels are
• Guest: A guest only has permission to view Test Cases, reports and metrics. He
cannot modify anything.
• Test Executor: A tester has permissions to see and run tests allocated to them.
• Test Designer: A user can fully work (view and modify) with Test Specification and
• Test Analyst: A tester can view, create, edit, and delete Test Cases as well as
execute them. Testers lack the permissions to manage Test Plans, manage Test Projects,
create milestones, or assign rights. (initially Senior tester).
• Test Leader: A lead has all of the same permissions as a Tester but also gains the
ability to manage Test Plans, assign rights, create milestones, and manage keywords.
• Administrator: An admin has all possible permissions (leader plus the ability to
manage Test Projects and users).
Changing of these rights is handled by the user administration link which is accessible by
administrators. Admin can add a new custom roles and modify existing ones via GUI.
See Developer's Guide to understand more.
If you view the table you will see rows for each of the permissions levels (guest ,tester, senior
tester, leader, admin). The second column holds all of the different rights levels which will be
defined below. These levels have been determined as standard for use but they can be edited
to define new roles (for experienced administrator). The user table contains a foreign key that
points to the appropriate permission level in the rights table.
Note: Test Plan related features needs also assign a Test Plan to be available. See Test
Case study - restrict access by default
In our organization we would like to restrict access to projects unless it is specifically granted.
We currently have about 150 users with just over 90 different project. Many of the users are
not QA, but are business analysts, and in some cases end users doing UAT. From what I can
tell, all rights are inherited based on how the user was set-up.
But we don't want a Business Analyst who is working on only one project have access to all 90.
Set these users with the global role <No rights> and granted an appropriate role on a Test
project or Test plan base. In custom_config.inc.php you can also set the default role id to <No
You can also would like to rename a role "No rights" to something more polite.
8.3 Test Plan assignment to users
Users can execute only assigned Test Plans. In order to gain Test Plan permissions a user with
lead or admin status must give them rights through the "Define user/project rights" link under
"Test Plan Management".
All users in the system will by default not have permissions to view newly created Test Plans
(except for the Test Plan creators who can give themselves permissions at creation). Zero Test
Plan permissions means that users will not see any Test Plans in the Test Plan drop-down box
on main screen.
However he can browse reports.
8.4 Custom Fields
Users can extend the most important objects (Test cases, suites, plans) in TestLink with
customized fields. After you have created a Custom Field, you need to assign it to the Test
Project in which do you want to use it. So each project have own set of additional fields.
Common practice: Test case CF could be: review notes or status, estimated or real
execution time, platform (OS, HW, ...), test script name or owner, etc.
Navigate to "Custom field management" link on main page. This page is the base point for
managing custom fields pool. It lists the custom fields defined in the system. Custom field
definitions are system wide, i.e., you can not define two custom fields with same field ID.
The "Create" button take you to a page where you can define the details of a custom field.
These include it's name, type, value and availability/display information. On the edit page, the
following information is defined to control the custom field:
• type -possible values are listed below.
• Value constraints (Possible values, default value, regular expression, minimum
length, maximum length).
• Availability/Display control (where the field will show up and must be filled in
All fields are compared in length to be greater than or equal to the minimum length, and less
than or equal to the maximum length, unless these values are 0. If the values are 0, the check
is skipped. All fields are also compared against the regular expression. If the value matches
the expression, then the value is stored. For example, the expression "/^-?([0-9])*$/" can be
used to constrain an integer.
There is data format verification for types numeric, float and email. On submit (when created a
Test case or while executing) CF of this type are controlled. Empty value OK, but if value NoT
empty but do not conform a regular expression (NOT USER DEFINED but coded ) submit will be
blocked with message on screen.
The table below describes the field types and the value constraints.
Type Field Contents Value Constraints
Table 1: Custom field types
The display entries are used as follows:
Table 2: Custom fields: Availability/Display Attributes
Custom Field : Additional Notes
Type : string
applicable to test suites, to be edited ONLY during Test Case
specification, but useful to be seen during test execution.
show on design = YES
enable on design = YES
show on execution = YES
enable on execution = NO
Custom Field : Operating System
Type : list
applicable to Test Cases, to be edited ONLY during Test
Case EXECUTION, unused during Test Case DESIGN.
show on design = NO
enable on design = NO
show on execution = YES
enable on execution = NO
Custom field feature has been implemented using a mix functionality from
) and dotproject (
Test Case estimated and real time execution
Estimated execution time is used by Test Plan designers, during Test Case Assignment to test
plan, to give testers an indication about time needed to execute test case. Real execution time
is recorded by testers while executing test cases, to indicate time used to run test case.
Testers could specify a duration of test execution. Create custom field with ID = CF_EXEC_TIME
and assign to test cases. Configure it to be displayed and used on execution. The parameter is
counted in minutes.
Create custom field with ID = CF_ESTIMATED_EXEC_TIME to define Expected test execution
time. It should be used in Test Specification and possibly displayed in execution. The parameter
is counted in minutes.
TestLink will summarize on values present on these custom fields while creating reports.
Localizations: Use " . " (dot) as decimal separator or sum will be wrong.
9 Import and Export data
TestLink supports several ways to share data. See the next table for overview. In addition you
can consider to use TestLink API to deliver supported data. Se the next table for overview.
There is amount of file examples in directory testlink/docs/file_examples/.
Troubleshooting: No answer for import action? Check size of imported file. There are limits in
TestLink configuration and web server settings. Check if DOM module is loaded for your web
project XML X X All test suites and test cases. You can choose if export also assigned keywords.
Test suite XML X X Test suite details, All test cases and child test suites and test cases. You can
choose if export assigned keywords.
Test case XML X X Two types of exports can be done:
• Just one test case
• All test cases in test suite. You can choose
if export assigned keywords. Custom Fields
assigned are exported. Requirements
assigned are exported.
Test case XLS X Keywords import is NOT supported. Keyword CSV, XML X X All test
project's keywords Requirement CSV, XML X X Requirement CSV DOORS, X
DocBook Results XML X
Table 3: Items that can be exported/imported
Limitation: Attached files and custom fields7 are not imported/exported.
Table format (CSV) is not directly supported in some cases. You should convert it into
XML before import. See below for more.
Requirements for Internal and External ID
• Every object has its internal ID , this ID is value of ID column in database table
• Test cases are special case because they have internal and external ID.
• Every time you see keyword ID in xml format it indicates INTERNAL ID.
9.1 Export/Import Test Project
User can import or export Test Project including Description of the project, Test Specification
and Keywords. The next two pictures show tree menu with data and the same data as XML file.
Warning: You can rich a server memory limit for larger amount of Test cases.
7 CF except Test cases.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-
<details><![CDATA[<p>Communication Systems of all
e name="10 G shock">
[CDATA]></expectedresults></testcase><testcase name="Gamma Ray
ite name="Subspace channels"><details><![CDATA[<p>Only basic subspace
features</p>]]></details><testcase name="Black hole test">
stcase name="Light settings">
9.2 Import/Export Test suite
XML Example - Test Suite without keywords
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-
tcase name="10 G shock">
<testcase name="Gamma Ray
XML Example - Test Suite with keywords
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-
tcase name="10 G shock">
name="Gamma Ray Storm">
<notes><![CDATA[Moon rocks keyword
9.3 Just one Test Case
Example of XML file: Test case with keyword
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-
<testcases> <testcase name="Black
hole test"> <summary>
<![CDATA[<p>This procedure must be done once a week, with this safety
<p>Preset bias to 0</p><p>Enable <strong>long range</strong>
communications control</p><p>Simulate black hole
<table width="200" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"
rad</td></tr><tr><td> </td><td> </td
rocks"><notes><![CDATA[Moon rocks keyword
Example : XML - Test Case with custom fields
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><testcases> <testcase name="Black Hawk
test"> <summary><![CDATA[<p>This procedure must be done once a week, with this
<p>Preset bias to 0</p><p>Enable <strong>long range</strong>
communications control</p><p>Simulate black hole
<expectedresults><![CDATA[<table width="200" cellspacing="1"
rad</td></tr><tr><td> </td><td> </td
Example: XML - Test Case with requirements
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-
<testcase internalid="12644" name="High
<testcase internalid="12646" name="Half speed
<testcase internalid="12648" name="Jump
9.4 All Test Cases in test suite
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-
<testcases> <testcase name="10 G shock">
ase><testcase name="Gamma Ray
Test cases in XLS format
Every row must have four columns:
First row will be skipped, because is supposed it contains column descriptions.
Name Engine fast start
up Engine emergency
Summary Start up on 5
second Engine stop due
9.5 Import/Export Keywords
1. Unlock panic button
2. Press panic button
3. Press confirm xxxx
Expected results Bla,
bla Engine must stop
Illustration 20: Keywords frame includes buttons for import and export
Example of CSV "Keyword;Notes":
Klyngon;Klyngon keyword notesMoon
rocks;Moon rocks keyword notes
Example of XML with keywords:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-
<![CDATA[Moon rocks keyword
9.6 Import/Export Software Requirements
CSV file includes "Identifier of document, title, description".
Example of CSV file:
Deflector,"<p>Main deflector bla, bla, bla.</p>"
Example of XML file:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-
<description><![CDATA[<p>Maindeflector bla, bla,
Import rich text format requirements via DocBook
There is limited support of import for documents in such formats as is MSWord or openoffice.
You can export original document as DocBook (tested with openoffice2 and 3). Choose import
button for your SRS in TestLink. Select type "DocBook".
The exported file is XML. Basic element for default settings could be the next:
<row> ... <entry></entry> ...
<row> ... <entry></entry> ...
TestLink uses such element as data for just one requirement. This element is defined via
constant DOCBOOK_REQUIREMENT (check the code). i.e. <sect3> is default but could be
Each requirement content is maintain the following way:
title - receive text in tag <title>
req_doc_id - parse title for the first two words and add counter. You can modify
regular expression directly in code. Default is "[ a-zA-Z_]*[0-9]*". description -
parse following elements after title (<para>, <orderedlist>, <informaltable>, etc.).
DocBook elements are modified to HTML tags. Unknown ones are ommited.
Warning: the original code could be modified to fit your structure of DocBook. Check
requirement.inc.php (function importReqDataFromDocBook($fileName)) and related
Warning: generated REQ_DOC_ID is danger for the case of update. Because it's
generated from file content without relation to existing testlink data.
9.7 Results import
Results import is supported from TL 1.7. Example 1:
Results in XML format (using internal ID)
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-
<testcase id="100"> <!-- ID: internal/DB id ---
<result>f</result><notes>this case failed due
to error </notes>
<result>b</result><notes>this test case
Example 2: Results in XML format (using external ID)8
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-
8"?><!-- Comment --> <results>
<testcase external_id="POL-1" > <!-- if not present
logged user will be used --> <tester>u0113</tester>
<!-- tester LOGIN Name---> <!-- if not present now()
will be used --><timestamp>2008-09-08
nality works great </notes>
<testcase external_id="POL-1" > <!-- ANOTHER EXE for SAME test case --->
<result>f</result><notes>functionality works great KIMI</notes>
<testcase external_id="1256" > <!-- Using INTERNAL ID ---
><result>f</result><notes>Using INTERNAL ID as link </notes>
You can import several / multiple execution results using a single XML file
9.8 Import Test Cases from Excel via XML
Creating XML file to import in TestLink
Step 1. Export one or more dummy Test Cases from TestLink into a XML file. Step 2. Open
new blank spread sheet document file. Step 3. Navigate through menu bar Data > XML >
Import & select the sample XML file. It
creates appropriate structure in Excel.
8 Format supported on TL 1.8 beta 3 and UP
Step 4. Then we will get dialog box asking "Where do you want to put the data?"
Step 5. Choose option one "XML list in existing worksheet" with first cell $A$1 Step 6. You
will be able to see following columns : name, summary, steps & expected results
Step 7. Copy your data into this file accordingly & save the file in XML Data
(*.xml) format Step 8. Check your XML file for correctness by opening with the
help of internet explorer.
Importing XML file into TestLink
Step 1. Login in to TestLink > Select your project in dropdown list. Step 2. Click on
Specification > Create New Suite > Select Suite > Click on Import Test Cases
Step 3. Browse for the XML file, submit it and you are done with the Importing.
Description Date Author
0.x Documents for TL 1.5 and update for TL 1.6
1.0 Converted to OO2 format;
1.1 Minor update; FIX 372, 352
1.2 Updated as draft for TL 1.7
1.3 Removed TL 1.6 terms Added initial
information about Custom Fields
1.4 Added content and updated Francisco's
"jumpstart_manual" and tl_file_format.
General style clean-up and update.
1.5 General update and restructuring; added Test Suite
chapter; requirements report
1.6 Overall language review
1.7 Minor update; Added section Import Test Cases from Excel
via XML (prepared by Prem)
1.8 Update to TL 1.8 draft
1.9 Update some new features
1.10 Update for 1.8 RC3
1.11 Update for 1.8 RC5
1.12 Update for 1.8.0; Import/Export
1.13 Update according to issues
1.14 Update according to issues (TL 1.8.2)
help on how to format text
Turn off "Getting Started"